Cancer is a major public health
problem in Croatia. It is of great importance to have
adequate data that can contribute to the development of a
cancer prevention strategy and adequate oncological service
because cancer is second only to cardiovascular diseases as
the most common cause of death. Only a well organized cancer
registration can make such data available.
Cancer incidence and
mortality in Croatia are monitored and studied by the
National Cancer Registry, a population registry at the
Croatian National Institute of Public Health. The National
Cancer Registry was founded in 1959. Electronic data
processing was introduced in 1968.
In 1994, The Croatian
National Cancer Registry became a full member of the
International Association of Cancer Registries (IACR)
in Lyon, France. By being admitted to the European Network
of Cancer Registries (ENCR),
it entered the European Cancer Incidence and Mortality
Croatian National Cancer
Registry data have been published in IARC publications ''Cancer
Incidence on Five Continents'' Vol. VII (1988-92), Vol. VIII
(1993-97), and Vol. IX (1998-2002).